Infographic: The Presentation, Application, Feedback (PAF) Model

This colourful infographic illustrates the Presentation, Application, and Feedback (PAF) Model for training and instructional design. It’s important to keep the PAF Model in mind when developing training to ensure we’re not overloading our learners with too much presentation of content. It’s crucial to include lots of opportunities for application of knowledge and to then provide the appropriate feedback.

Instructional Design Infographic


13 thoughts on “Infographic: The Presentation, Application, Feedback (PAF) Model

  1. Brian Washburn says:

    I agree with the 4386754375243 other comments you’ve received complimenting your infographic/design prowess. Very impressive.

    I’m more of a flipchart guy (as opposed to being tech savvy enough to put together electronic versions of these infographics) – but your designs are definitely inspiring some new ideas for some of my train the trainer flipcharts. Thanks!

    • Nicole Legault says:

      I’m blushing… Thank you for the nice comment Brian! I’m so happy to help inspire you, good luck with the flipcharts 🙂

  2. Kirk says:

    Great presentation in your infographic. I really like the layout. Good job! I’m working in a similar role in the Ottawa area. It’s good to see the more people in the community working in elearning.

  3. Christina Ashmore says:

    Nicole, I love your infographics. I love the visuals and the way you’ve simplified the concepts. I look forward to your next one.

  4. Preston Wright says:


    Thank you for the infographic about the PAF Model. I have never tried this particular model; however, I can see how it would be an effective means of designing learning. I am discovering that effective learning is about providing an environment and organization of material so that strong encoding can take place. This helps ensure the spread of activation across memory networks which facilitates long-term memory. If there is a blockage or interference, activation cannot take place. Gagne’s 9 Events of Instruction focuses the learner on the material, helps connect prior knowledge to new knowledge, provides an environment where learning can take place, and helps ensure strong encoding. Number 8 and 9 are especially important in providing strong encoding by assessment, practice, and review. Since the PAF model provides 65% in the area of application and feedback, it appears that it would be an excellent way to provide for stronger encoding. I am anxious to try this on my next instructional design project. Also, I really like your graphic design work!

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