How to Use the PAF Model to Improve Training and e-Learning (Infographic)

Last weekend I posted a new infographic (Gagne’s 9 Events of Instruction) and I got some really good feedback about it.  One piece of feedback that I received from several people was to incorporate more graphics/icons into my infographic designs. Of course I think we can all agree that using visuals is only a good thing if it adds value by providing an instructional purpose. This weekend when I decided to make another graphic, I was careful to choose a few icons that I thought were really representative of the elements of PAF. I  created this infographic in Adobe Photoshop.

I’d also like to add a disclaimer that the PAF Methods listed in the infographic for presentation and application are only three examples, but there are a lot more methods available to you. Those are just a few examples!

Instructional Design Infographic


13 thoughts on “How to Use the PAF Model to Improve Training and e-Learning (Infographic)

  1. Brian Washburn says:

    I agree with the 4386754375243 other comments you’ve received complimenting your infographic/design prowess. Very impressive.

    I’m more of a flipchart guy (as opposed to being tech savvy enough to put together electronic versions of these infographics) – but your designs are definitely inspiring some new ideas for some of my train the trainer flipcharts. Thanks!

    • Nicole Legault says:

      I’m blushing… Thank you for the nice comment Brian! I’m so happy to help inspire you, good luck with the flipcharts 🙂

  2. Kirk says:

    Great presentation in your infographic. I really like the layout. Good job! I’m working in a similar role in the Ottawa area. It’s good to see the more people in the community working in elearning.

  3. Christina Ashmore says:

    Nicole, I love your infographics. I love the visuals and the way you’ve simplified the concepts. I look forward to your next one.

  4. Preston Wright says:


    Thank you for the infographic about the PAF Model. I have never tried this particular model; however, I can see how it would be an effective means of designing learning. I am discovering that effective learning is about providing an environment and organization of material so that strong encoding can take place. This helps ensure the spread of activation across memory networks which facilitates long-term memory. If there is a blockage or interference, activation cannot take place. Gagne’s 9 Events of Instruction focuses the learner on the material, helps connect prior knowledge to new knowledge, provides an environment where learning can take place, and helps ensure strong encoding. Number 8 and 9 are especially important in providing strong encoding by assessment, practice, and review. Since the PAF model provides 65% in the area of application and feedback, it appears that it would be an excellent way to provide for stronger encoding. I am anxious to try this on my next instructional design project. Also, I really like your graphic design work!

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